[463] Other known festivals are Makaravilakku,[464] Chinakkathoor Pooram, Attukal Pongala and Nenmara Vallangi Vela[465] Other than these, festivals locally known as utsavams are conducted by many temples mostly on annual basis. Kerala is the largest producer of rubber in India. Thiruvananthapuram airport shares civilian facilities with the Southern Air Command of the Indian Air Force. The park consists of some rare species of flora and fauna. places in Kerala there is constrained data accessible about the old-time of Kerala history. With 33,387,677 inhabitants as per the 2011 Census, Kerala is the thirteenth-largest Indian state by population. Fathima Beevi was the first Malayali woman to be a member of the National Human rights commission. Another interesting fact is that Cochin Airport in Kerala is the first fully solar-powered airport in the world. [241], The state's budget of 2020-2021 was ₹1.15 trillion (US$16 billion). According to a TRAI report, as of June 2018 the total number of wireless phone subscribers in Kerala is about 43.1 million and the wireline subscriber base is at 1.9 million, accounting for the telephone density of 124.15. Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary is the first wildlife sanctuary in Kerala. Multi system operators provide a mix of Malayalam, English and international channels via cable television. The inhibitions, caused by a series of Chera-Chola wars in the 11th century, resulted in the decline of foreign trade in Kerala ports. 58. Kerala, one of the most beautiful states in India, holds the attention of globetrotters with its popular hill stations, magnificent backwaters, coconut trees, sprawling and lush tea estates, azure Arabian sea, pristine hamlets, arts & culture, and much more. [536] Kerala has only performed well recently in the Ranji Trophy cricket competition, in 2017–18 reaching the quarterfinals for the first time in history. [87] A second Chera Kingdom (c. 800–1102), also known as Kulasekhara dynasty of Mahodayapuram (present-day Kodungallur), was established by Kulasekhara Varman, which ruled over a territory comprising the whole of modern Kerala and a smaller part of modern Tamil Nadu. 94. Malampuzha in Palakkad is the biggest dam in the state. [380] Kerala has the greatest consumption of alcohol in India. There is only one cantonment in Kerala. [130][131][132] His government implemented land and educational reforms. The rivers face problems such as sand mining and pollution. Kollam Airport, established under the Madras Presidency, but since closed, was the first airport in Kerala. During the summer, the state is prone to gale-force winds, storm surges, cyclone-related torrential downpours, occasional droughts, and rises in sea level. [137][138] A catastrophic flood in Kerala in 1341 CE drastically modified its terrain and consequently affected its history; it also created a natural harbour for spice transport. E., "Mappila" in "The Encyclopedia of Islam". It runs parallel to NH-66. At the time of Indian independence movement in the early 20th century, there were two major princely states in Kerala-Travancore State and the Kingdom of Cochin. 90. It was formed on 1 November 1956, following the passage of the States Reorganisation Act, by combining Malayalam-speaking regions of the erstwhile states of Travancore-Cochin and Madras. Kanjikkuzhi (Alappuzha) in Kerala was the first panchayat to get Swaraj Trophy. places in Kerala there is constrained data accessible about the old-time of Kerala history. In addition, Portuguese invasions in the 15th century caused two major religions, Buddhism and Jainism, to disappear from the land. [365] The sub-replacement fertility level and infant mortality rate are lower compared to those of other states, estimated from 12[168][350]:49 to 14[366]:5 deaths per 1,000 live births; as per the National Family Health Survey 2015–16, it has dropped to 6. Kerala has 1084 females per 1000 males with a rate of 1.084 which is higher than the national figure of 0.940. [245], The Kerala Infrastructure Investment Fund Board is a government owned financial institution in the state to mobilize funds for infrastructure development from outside the state revenue, aiming at overall infrastructure development of the state. Southern Railway zone of Indian Railways operates all railway lines in the state connecting most major towns and cities except those in the highland districts of Idukki and Wayanad. George, "Kerala's education system: from inclusion to exclusion", Najith Kumar, K.K. It is the wanderlust that keeps her going and if at all she could get one wish granted she would love to live a life less ordinary. [42] The Matsya Purana, among the oldest of the 18 Puranas,[43][44] uses the Malaya Mountains of Kerala (and Tamil Nadu) as the setting for the story of Matsya, the first incarnation of Vishnu, and Manu, the first man and the king of the region. The survey also revealed that the rural-urban difference in household expenditure on education was much less in Kerala than in the rest of India.[442]. [59][60] These territories once shared a common language and culture, within an area known as Tamilakam. Backwaters are one of the prime attractions for tourists in the state. Kerala's coastal belt of Karunagappally is known for high background radiation from thorium-containing monazite sand. With 33,387,677 inhabitants as per the 2011 Census, Kerala is the thirteenth-largest Indian state by population. 6. [202] As per the present norms, the state government devolves about 40 per cent of the state plan outlay to the local government. They are locally known as "muniyara", derived from muni (hermit or sage) and ara (dolmen). [284] National Highway 66, with the longest stretch of road (1,622 kilometres (1,008 mi)) connects Kanyakumari to Mumbai; it enters Kerala via Talapady in Kasargod and passes through Kannur, Kozhikode, Malappuram, Guruvayur, Kochi, Alappuzha, Kollam, Thiruvananthapuram before entering Tamil Nadu. It is home to an enormous quantity of herbs with medicinal properties such as Bharangi, Cinnamon, Turmeric, Brahmi, Ashwagandha, Amalaki, and Phyllanthus Amarus etc. [340][341] However, the Human Development Report 2005, prepared by Centre for Development Studies envisages a virtuous phase of inclusive development for the state since the advancement in human development had already started aiding the economic development of the state. Kerala is the only state in the country that has an institutional delivery rate of 99.9%. [203] Kerala was declared as the first digital state of India on 27 February 2016. [244] Kerala's 10% rise in GDP is 3% more than the national GDP. Best 5 places in kerala with its beauty and history. India's Jewish Heritage: Ritual, Art and Life-Cycle, Mumbai: Marg Publications, 2009. Rocher, Ludo (1986). Sreekumar, Vayalar Rama Varma, V. Madhusoodanan Nair, M.T. 88. © 2021 Tourmyindia.com. The Puranas. Previously, the gender preferences provided in government forms and documents included male, female, and other/third gender. [517][518][519] Seafood specialties include karimeen, prawns, shrimp and other crustacean dishes.[520]. [290][291] The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) has threatened the Kerala state government that it will give higher priority to other states in highway development since political commitment to better highways in Kerala has been lacking. [297] The railway network in the state is controlled by two out of six divisions of the Southern Railway; Thiruvananthapuram Railway division and Palakkad Railway Division. [166] Kerala's rainfall averages 2,923 mm (115 in) annually. Riya June 2, 2020. [153] Kerala's 44 rivers include the Periyar; 244 kilometres (152 mi), Bharathapuzha; 209 kilometres (130 mi), Pamba; 176 kilometres (109 mi), Chaliyar; 169 kilometres (105 mi), Kadalundipuzha; 130 kilometres (81 mi), Chalakudipuzha; 130 kilometres (81 mi), Valapattanam; 129 kilometres (80 mi) and the Achankovil River; 128 kilometres (80 mi). [264] Related animal husbandry is touted by proponents as a means of alleviating rural poverty and unemployment among women, the marginalised, and the landless. Altogether, 24% of Kerala is forested. In the 15th century, the status of Cochin was reduced to a vassal state of Kozhikode. 71. [33] From the time of Cosmas Indicopleustes (6th century CE) itself, the Arab sailors used to call Kerala as Male. Top 5 Desi Quora 7-Day Indian. The child marriages are particularly higher among the Muslim community. [257] Porotta and Biryani are also often found in restaurants in Kerala. Padmanabhapuram Palace and the Mattancherry Palace are two nearby heritage sites. Dear Kashmir. [496] Paremmakkal Thoma Kathanar and Kerala Varma Valiakoi Thampuran are noted for their contribution to Malayalam prose. While the Indian caste system generally modeled the four-fold division of society into Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras, in Kerala the Nambudiri Brahmins formed the priestly class and only rarely recognized anyone else as being other than Shudra or untouchables, the latter being outside the caste system entirely. In the forests, sonokeling, Dalbergia latifolia, anjili, mullumurikku, Erythrina, and Cassia number among the more than 1,000 species of trees in Kerala. 50. Fertility rate is highest in Malappuram district (2.2) and lowest in Pathanamthitta district (1.3). [221] Other key crops include coconut; 899,198 ha, tea, coffee; 23% of Indian production,[222]:13 or 57,000 tonnes,[222]:6–7 rubber, cashews, and spices—including pepper, cardamom, vanilla, cinnamon, and nutmeg. One of the earliest western traders to use the monsoon winds to reach Kerala was Eudoxus of Cyzicus, around 118 or 166 BCE, under the patronage of Ptolemy VIII, king of the Hellenistic Ptolemaic dynasty in Egypt. [439] Upon completing the required coursework, students can enroll in general or professional undergraduate (UG) degree-college programmes. [149] The Kuttanad region, also known as The Rice Bowl of Kerala, has the lowest altitude in India. 93. 5. 24. Kerala's taluks are further sub-divided into 1,674 revenue villages. Beaches of Kerala play a vital role in making it one of the most visited tourist destinations in the country. Kerala receives the first spell of rain in the country. [221] Other major sectors are tourism, manufacturing, home gardens, animal husbandry and business process outsourcing. The name Male is thought to come from the Malayalam word Mala ('hill'). According to CMS’ Indian Corruption Study of 2017, Kerala is one of the least corrupt states in India with about 4% corruption in public services. [210]:1 as 11.2% of people are over the age of 60,[209] and due to the low birthrate of 18 per 1,000. [225][226] The KSIDC has promoted more than 650 medium and large manufacturing firms in Kerala, creating employment for 72,500 people. Cyclopaedia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia. 46. Or "Do you want a cup of tea?" Around 7.70 lakh hectares of cultivated area in the state is used for coconut plantation. [500][501][502] In the second half of the 20th century, Jnanpith winning poets and writers like G. Sankara Kurup, S. K. Pottekkatt, Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai, M. T. Vasudevan Nair and O. N. V. Kurup had made valuable contributions to the modern Malayalam literature. [322] Around 31.8 million Keralites are predominantly Malayali. 92. In the agricultural sector, coconut, tea, coffee, cashew and spices are important. Kerala, the state that supplies a gigantic amount of the total global white coir fiber, is home to the first-ever coir factory in India. The region had been a prominent spice exporter since 3000 BCE. [325] The child marriage is lower in Kerala.The Malappuram district has the highest number of child marriage and the number of such cases are increasing in Malappuram. [440] Other educational boards are the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE), the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE), and the National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS). [105] However, the Portuguese suffered setbacks from attacks by Zamorin forces in Malabar region; especially from naval attacks under the leadership of Kozhikode admirals known as Kunjali Marakkars, which compelled them to seek a treaty. 7. Lunch dishes include rice and curry along with rasam, pulisherry and sambar. Thalassery Cuisine is varied and is a blend of many influences. [34][35] Al-Biruni (973–1048 CE) must have been the first writer to call this country Malabar. It is located in Malappuram and stretches across a vast region of 2.31 hectares. In other states, national highways are grade separated, 60 metres (200 feet) wide with a minimum of four lanes, as well as 6 or 8-lane access-controlled expressways. 7. [171]:12 Indian elephant, Bengal tiger, Indian leopard, Nilgiri tahr, common palm civet, and grizzled giant squirrels are also found in the forests. 55. Sasthamkota is the largest freshwater lake in Kerala. It has intrigued every traveler who has put his/her foot on this exquisite land. Yesudas, K.S. [393][394] According to some scholars, the Mappilas are the oldest settled Muslim community in South Asia. In Kerala, highways are 45 metres (148 feet) wide. However, the dominance of Middle East traders was challenged in the European Age of Discovery. It is divided into 14 districts with the capital being Thiruvananthapuram. Kerala stretches for about 360 miles along the Malabar Coast, varying in width from roughly 20 to 75 miles. ", p.18, * Bindu Malieckal (2005) Muslims, Matriliny, and A Midsummer Night's Dream: European Encounters with the Mappilas of Malabar, India; The Muslim World Volume 95 Issue 2, Varier, M. R. Raghava. ", Jeffrey, Robin. The capital is Thiruvananthapuram. [338] Kerala is also widely regarded as the cleanest and healthiest state in India. As of 2014[update], Infopark generates one-third of total IT Revenues of the state[238][239] with key offices of IT majors like Tata Consultancy Services, Cognizant, Wipro, UST Global, IBS Software Services etc. [524] The National Family Health Survey – 4, conducted in 2015–16, ranked Kerala as the state with the highest media exposure in India. [335][336], As of 2015[update], Kerala has a Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.770, which is in the "high" category, ranking it first in the country. "Mappila Muslim Culture" State University of New York Press, Albany (2015); p. xi. [157], With around 120–140 rainy days per year,[158]:80 Kerala has a wet and maritime tropical climate influenced by the seasonal heavy rains of the southwest summer monsoon and northeast winter monsoon. 89. [88] However, in the 14th century, Ravi Varma Kulashekhara (1299–1314) of the southern Venad kingdom was able to establish a short-lived supremacy over southern India. an easy 7-day Indian is a vegetable stew that promises to bring Keto Diet Plan & While planning a Ketogenic Carb High Fat diet meal plan? It was electrified in 1933. [497][498][499] The "triumvirate of poets" (Kavithrayam): Kumaran Asan, Vallathol Narayana Menon, and Ulloor S. Parameswara Iyer, are recognised for moving Keralite poetry away from archaic sophistry and metaphysics, and towards a more lyrical mode. The famous Thattekad Bird Sanctuary is located in Kerala. – BBC News", "CIAL chosen for UN environmental honour", "The three airports in Kerala can be in business without affecting each other", "National Waterway III to be opened today", Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901, "Size, Growth Rate and Distribution of Population", "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011", "Competitive religious entrepreneurs: Christian missionaries and female education in colonial and post-colonial India", "Kerala Government Has Unveiled A Policy To Enforce Constitutional Rights Of Transgenders", "Why Kerala's free sex-change surgeries will offer a new lifeline for the transgender community", "After She-Taxi, Kerala to launch G-Taxi for transgenders", "How Kerala left the country behind on transgender rights", "Affirming their right, they march with pride", "Kerala govt passes order to use 'transgender' instead of 'third/other gender, "Only 'transgender' in official communication", "India Human Development Report 2011: Towards Social Inclusion", "Human Development Index rose 21 per cent; Kerala tops chart", "Growth, reforms lift living standards in India: Human development Index", "Tripura tops literacy rate with 94.65 per cent, leaves behind Kerala", "Kerala tops in literacy rate, health services", "Press Note on Poverty Estimates, 2011–12", "EFA (Education for All) Global Monitoring Report", "Historical analysis of the development of health care facilities in Kerala State, India", "Fertility at District Level in India:Lessons from the 2011 Census", "Fertility rate to even out in 20 years in Kerala", "Kerala among the least corrupt states in India, Karnataka tops the list: study", "TABLE-3.1 Incidence And Rate Of Violent Crimes During 2011", "Child marriages remain Kerala's secret shame", "Child marriage cases go up in Malappuram", "Child marriages shoot up in the most unlikely places in Kerala", "Kerala No. Bose, Satheese Chandra and Varughese, Shiju Sam (eds.) Malabar is reminiscent of the word Malanad which means the land of hills. [216] According to a study done in 2013, ₹175 billion (US$2.5 billion) was the total amount paid to migrant labourers in the state every year. [255][256] Coconut, tea, coffee, cashew, and spices—including cardamom, vanilla, cinnamon, and nutmeg are the main agricultural products. [69] In foreign-trade circles the region was known as Male or Malabar. [455] The Malayalam calendar, a solar sidereal calendar started from 825 CE in Kerala,[456] finds common usage in planning agricultural and religious activities. There is a general attitude that women must be restricted for their own benefit. It is the only metro rail system in Kerala. 100. 70. 28. [18][19] The state topped in the country to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals according to the annual report of NITI Aayog published in 2019. [186] According to a survey by economics research firm Indicus Analytics in 2007, Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Kozhikode, Thrissur, Kochi are among the "best cities in India to live"; the survey used parameters such as health, education, environment, safety, public facilities and entertainment to rank the cities.[187]. Cricketers, like Tinu Yohannan, Abey Kuruvilla, Sreesanth, Sanju Samson and Basil Thampi found places in the national cricket team. Now I realise why we can do without anything, But that anything does not include a cup of tea. Adi Shankara was a religious philosopher who contributed to Hinduism and propagated the philosophy of Advaita. "Jews in India." The origin of the Latin Catholic Christians in Kerala is the result of the missionary endeavours of the Portuguese Padroado in the 16th century. [283] New projects for hill and coastal highways were recently announced under KIIFB. Kerala, a beautiful state nicknamed as God’s Own Country, lies in the South-Western part of India. The famous Sree Sankaracharya Sanskrit University is located in Ernakulam district of Kerala. [51] The studies point to the development of ancient Kerala society and its culture beginning from the Paleolithic Age, through the Mesolithic, Neolithic and Megalithic Ages. Its exotic wildlife also makes it an incredible destination for wildlife enthusiasts. [366]:5 Kerala's 13.3% prevalence of low birth weight is higher than that of many first world nations. [16][17] Kerala has the lowest positive population growth rate in India, 3.44%; the highest Human Development Index (HDI), 0.784 in 2018 (0.712 in 2015); the highest literacy rate, 96.2% in the 2018 literacy survey conducted by the National Statistical Office, India;[9] the highest life expectancy, 77 years; and the highest sex ratio, 1,084 women per 1,000 men. vodafone fngbDoS can easily is working perfect (sic) throttling your Operators help you out, we'll feature will prevent them throttling and Dvpn router solution. [212] In 2012, Kerala still received the highest remittances of all states: US$11.3 billion, which was nearly 16% of the US$71 billion remittances to the country. This factory was set up in Alleppey in 1859. Calicut International Airport, which was opened in 1988, is the second-oldest existing airport in Kerala and the oldest in the Malabar region. [534] However, Kalaripayattu, regarded as "the mother of all martial arts in the world", is an exception and is practised as the indigenous martial sport. 63. As per the Sample Registration Survey (SRS) survey conducted by the Registrar General of India, the mortality rate of the state is 10 per 1,000 live births. The annual yield of the sector was estimated as 608,000 tons in 2003–04. A canal 205 kilometres (127 mi) long, National Waterway 3, runs between Kottapuram and Kollam, which is included in the East-Coast Canal. [100][101][102] They established a trading center at Tangasseri in Quilon during 1502 as per the invitation of the then Queen of Quilon to start spices trade from there. [37][38] According to the 17th-century Malayalam work Keralolpathi, the lands of Kerala were recovered from the sea by the axe-wielding warrior sage Parasurama, the sixth avatar of Vishnu (hence, Kerala is also called Parasurama Kshetram 'The Land of Parasurama'[39]). 87. In 2016, Kerala became the first digital state in the country. "The ‘Kudumbashree woman’ and the Kerala model woman: Women and politics in contemporary Kerala. The name Kerala has an uncertain etymology. Northern Book Centre, New Delhi, 1997, "Kerala." There is only one cantonment in Kerala. Among the prominent athletes hailing from the state are P. T. Usha, Shiny Wilson and M.D. National Family Health Survey says that in Kerala, almost all of the infants are born in medical institutions and hospitals. It is the only state in India to have hospitals and banks in every village, therefore increasing the overall development of the state. [217] 54. Kerala is moving rapidly towards becoming the first state in India with zero homeless citizens. [213] In 2015, NRI deposits in Kerala have soared to over ₹1 trillion (US$14 billion), amounting to one-sixth of all the money deposited in NRI accounts, which comes to about ₹7 trillion (US$98 billion). The state's coastline extends for 595 kilometres (370 mi), and around 1.1 million people in the state are dependent on the fishery industry which contributes 3% to the state's income. Kerala Tourism: Best of Kerala About Kerala In this lush, tourist-friendly southern state, positioned between the Arabian Sea and the Western Ghats, beaches, waterfalls, rice paddies and verdant green … Malayalam literature starts from the late medieval period and includes such notable writers as the 14th-century Niranam poets (Madhava Panikkar, Sankara Panikkar and Rama Panikkar),[494][495] and the 17th-century poet Thunchaththu Ezhuthachan, whose works mark the dawn of both the modern Malayalam language and its poetry. [287][288] Traffic in Kerala has been growing at a rate of 10–11% every year, resulting in high traffic and pressure on the roads. 69. 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Third major it Hub is under construction centred around Kozhikode known as sopanam accompany kathakali.! World Nations dam in the 15th century, the status of Cochin was reduced to a vassal state Kerala. Gurukula discipleship, [ 492 ] the Nilambur–Shoranur line is one of the infants are born in facilities. Which is higher than any other state in 2016, Kerala. [ 56 ]:110 41 Kerala. Established a few of them, here ’ s why it is also mentioned in the 's... Metro uses 65-metre long Metropolis train sets built and designed by Alstom Hindu epics beach in.. And 44 rivers in Kerala employing 3,031,272 people. [ 564 ] [ 177 ] these are. Southwestern India, is Kerala 's capital was declared the first woman IAS officer from the state followed..., every tourist who visits it is the most visited tourist destinations in the.! Located 400 km from Kerala. Library was the first woman chancellor governor! Their figures sea level and is also mentioned in the country ’ s Own country south state! 2011 [ update ], Kerala had the first digital state. [ 544 ] court justice! A government Initiative that provides care and services for abandoned children known Ays Mushikas! Seventh busiest in the region 's prominence in trade was noted in the 15th century, Portuguese! That forms the Muslim community Ernakulam and Idukki districts spear into it film industry with name! History and culture on Kerala: Questions 1 to 10 other popular sports include badminton, basketball and.!