Vindictive was subsequently broken up at Blyth. 5 and 6 7.5-inch guns and moving the four 3-inch AA guns to an elevated platform between the funnels, in lieu of the 3-inch guns intended for that position. It consisted of two layers of high-tensile steel of varying thicknesses that covered most of the ships' sides. She was re-commissioned with special complement on 16 August, 1927. The principal concern was the major Bolshevik naval base at Kronstadt, which protected Petrograd. Cavendish was laid down at the Harland & Wolff shipyard in Belfast on 26 June 1916 and launched on 17 January 1918. She will be followed by four other sister ships in 1919-25. VS showing the abandoned base, including scuttled ship lying on side in water. Aircraft Carrier, then returned to cruiser, 1924. By November 1919 discontent had spread to the aircraft carrier 'Vindictive' (pictured, right) in Copenhagen.  On 6 July she ran aground on a shoal near Reval at speed. Commissioned at Chatham on 20 August, 1928 with Fleet Air Arm Flight No. The fifth and last was ordered in April 1916. During one period, the Vindictive sustained hits every few seconds. Unbeknownst to the British the entire operation had taken place in a minefield. , Although still overweight compared to her designed displacement, the modifications made the ship lighter than her sister ships, at 9,344 long tons (9,494 t) light displacement and a metacentric height of 3.59 feet (1.1 m). In this form (as illustrated) she displaced 9,100 long tons (9,200 t) and was capable of a maximum speed of 24 kn (28 mph; 44 km/h).  She remained with the Mediterranean Fleet until 1944, when she was recalled to support the ships participating in Operation Overlord. She was therefore redesigned with a hangar on the forecastle with capacity for six aircraft which could be hoisted through a hatch to the roof, which formed a flying-off deck. The following year she participated in the British campaign in the Baltic against the Bolsheviks during which her aircraft made numerous attacks against the naval base at Kronstadt. In the Autumn of 1925 she became the first Royal Navy cruiser with aircraft catapult gear: her first catapult launch was on 31 October. 227, 231–33, 236; Layman, p. 66, Layman, p. 66; Raven & Roberts, pp. Leading Steward William Patrick Rodgers HMS Vindictive Royal Navy . She commissioned on 1 October and proceeded to Scapa Flow to work up, joining the fleet in the Firth of Forth only a few days before the Armistice. By August 1943 she mounted a Type 286 target indication set as well as a Type 285 anti-aircraft gunnery radar. No. Originally designed as a Hawkins class heavy cruiser and laid down under the name Cavendish. , The ships had four Parsons geared steam turbines, each of which drove one propeller shaft. They had a stowage capacity of 800 long tons (810 t) of coal and 1,600 long tons (1,600 t) of fuel oil, giving her a range of 5,400 nautical miles (10,000 km; 6,200 mi) at a speed of 14 knots (26 km/h; 16 mph). The aircraft crane was retained. 2 7.5-inch gun was not installed and she retained her hangar in the forward superstructure. She completed her sea trials on 21 September 1918 and reached a speed of 29.12 knots (53.93 km/h; 33.51 mph) from 63,600 shaft horsepower (47,400 kW). 51–52, Friedman 2010, p. 67; Raven & Roberts, p. 405, Head, pp. She commissioned on 1 October and, after briefly working up, joined the Grand Fleet's Flying Squadron on 18 October only a few weeks before the A… Deploying the torpedo from the CMB while planing at speed towards t… HMS Vindictive was a warship built during the First World War for the Royal Navy (RN). The 193 by 57 feet (58.8 by 17.4 m) landing deck required the removal of Nos. This diversionary raid distracted the defences and enabled Royal Navy Coastal Motor Boats to attack naval vessels in Kronstadt harbour. Royal Navy, HMS Vindictive Date of death: 23/04/1918 (aged 23) Cemetery: DOVER (ST. JAMES'S) CEMETERY Son of Charles Henry and Lucy Mary Gilkerson, … HMS Vindictive picks up a ditched aircraft, Baltic 1919 HMS Vindictive firing party for dead pilot, Baltic 1919 In July 1919, Vindictive was dispatched to the Baltic Sea with 12 aircraft to support the British activities in the Baltic in support of the White Russians and independent Baltic states. The account of Sergeant Finch, of the Royal Marine Artillery, tells us that on the 22 and 23 of April 1918, Sergeant Finch was the second in command of the pom-pom and Lewis gun in the foretop of HMS Vindictive. In 1939-1940 she was converted to a repair ship. , The cruisers had an overall length of 605 feet (184.4 m), a beam of 65 feet (19.8 m), and a mean draught of 19 feet 3 inches (5.9 m) at deep load. She paid off into reserve in June 1945 and was scrapped at Blyth in February 1946. But the truth is somewhat more complex and varied. Website: www.naval-history.net Zeebrugge & Ostend Raids 1918. Though six aircraft were allowed for, it was found that two fighters and six scout planes could be carried. High powered and with a single step hull design, they were light, fast planing boats easily transported and when underway, capable of crossing minefields and skipping over protective booms. 2 7.5-inch gun, two 3-inch guns and the conning tower were removed and the forward superstructure was remodelled into a 78 by 49 feet (23.8 by 14.9 m) hangar with a capacity for six reconnaissance aircraft. She was paid off to the reserve on 24 December 1919. Sir Eustace Tennyson d'Eyncourt, the Director of Naval Construction, included both coal and oil-fired boilers to provide the ship with fuel no matter the supply conditions. , Vindictive's aircraft continued to support British operations against the Bolsheviks until they left the Baltic in December, although no further missions were flown from the carrier. For the rest of the year she conducted flying trials and exercises, including those of the Port Victoria Grain Griffin reconnaissance aircraft, of which two were lost in accidents. The ship retained her aircraft hangar and conducted trials with an aircraft catapult before she was sent to the China Station in 1926. HMS VINDICTIVE (2) – January 1919 to March 1920, UK out, Baltic including CMB raid on Kronstadt, grounding and salvage, UK Home Edited by Su Startin, Old Weather Transcriber, Exeter, England HMS Vindictive as aircraft carrier, 1918-23 (Photo Ships, click images to enlarge) They were designed to displace 9,750 long tons (9,906 t) and had a complement of 37 officers and 672 enlisted men. The aircraft were hoisted up through a hatch at the aft end of the flying-off deck by two derricks. The Hawkins class was a class of five heavy cruisers of the Royal Navy designed in 1915 and constructed throughout the First World War.All ships were named after Elizabethan sea captains.  A port side gangway 8 feet (2.4 m) wide connected the landing and flying-off decks to allow aircraft with their wings folded to be wheeled from one to the other. She arrived in May and her catapult was removed in October, ending her career as an aviation ship. This page was last edited on 2 November 2020, at 00:54. 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